Rose Pruners

Every rose plant needs some pruning and trimming. ┬áIf you neglect these jobs, the rose is not likely to stay healthy, flower as well, or look very good …

Pruning roses can be confusing. Heavy pruning tends to stimulate fewer but larger flowers – especially on hybrid tea roses.

Lightly pruned roses generally have thicker, denser foliage and a large number of slightly smaller flowers on shorter stems …

General pruning principles apply to all roses, but there are some differences between classes. The closer one gets to species and shrub roses the less severe the pruning …

Hybrid teas have the distinction of requiring the most severe pruning for optimum bloom and plant health …

Pruning Roses 101

Pruning roses is primarily done to:

– Remove dead, damaged, or diseased wood

– Increase air circulation

– Keep the shrub from becoming a tangled mess

– Shape the plant

– Encourage the growth of flowering wood

Pruning creates growth that will support plenty of flowers …

Rose pruning stops the plant from getting “leggy”. When a plant is said to get leggy, it means that there is a lot of old woody growth at the base of the plant, lacking leaf cover …

When To Prune

The majority of pruning is done in the spring – I’ve found that to be the most successful.

Many rose growers suggest waiting until the forsythias start to bloom as a good signal for the pruning season to begin …

The goal of spring pruning is to produce an open centered plant. This allows air and light to penetrate more easily. This routine maintenance helps prevent rose diseases and results in healthier, stronger plants.

It’s definitely worth the effort!

Pruning Roses Diagram

Basic pruning fundamentals that apply to all roses include:

– Use clean, sharp pruners.

– Wear protective gloves.

– Prune repeat-flowering roses, including climbers, while they are dormant. In spring, trim them, and tie the canes of the climbing roses to supports.

– Cut at a 45-degree angle about 1/4 inch above outward-facing bud. The cut should slant away from the bud.

Rose Prune

– Entirely remove all dead or dying canes. These can be identified as canes/branches that are shriveled, dark brown, or black in color.

– Remove all thin, weak canes that are smaller than a pencil in diameter.

– If roses are grafted and there is sucker growth, remove it. The best way is to dig down to the root where the sucker is originating and tear it off where it emerges.

– Whenever possible, cut above a strong, outward-facing bud so that new shoots will grow in a direction away from the center of the plant.

– When you cut through the stem the inside should be white. If there is brown discoloration cut the stem back further.

– The aim is to have a well-balanced rose with an open center and good shape.

– You can deadhead a rose simply by pinching the old flower off at its base.

Pruning is Worth the Effort

Spring is the best time to prune roses, but wait until after the threat of sub-freezing temperatures has passed …

Pruning signals the rose to start growth for the new season. Even bushes that suffer no winter dieback will maintain a better, more bushy appearance and will bloom more profusely if pruned regularly …

Pin It